Located in the north-west of China, between the Tibetan and Huangtu plateaus, Gansu province connects the Chinese heartland with the vast desert region to the northwest. Covering a total area of around 425,800 square kilometers with a population of 26 million.
It is the cradle of Chinese culture. According to archeological findings, the Yangshao Culture emerged in this area about 6,000 years ago. During the reign of Emperor Wu of the Western Han Dynasty, the Silk Road linking the Central Plains with the Western Regions was built. Rich cultural relics are the most important tourist resources in Gansu province. The famous Silk Road is the link in ancient time between China and western countries. The Dunhuang Mogao Grottos, also known as the ‘Thousand Buddha Grottoes’, is located at the rock side of the Singing Sand Mountain in Dunhuang city of Gansu province.