Shanxi province is located in northern part of China, in the middle reaches of the Yellow River Valley, border Hebei to the east, Henan to the south, Shaanxi to the west and Inner Mongolia to the north. Shanxi spans an area of almost 157,000 square kilometers, it has a population of over 37 million people.
Since ancient times, Shanxi has served as a buffer between China and the Mongolian and Central Asian steppes and it was one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization. The long history of Shanxi has provided the province with a large number of cultural relics and historic sites. So far, the Ancient City of Pingyao, the Yungang Grottoes and Mount Wutai have been listed on the World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO. They are three of the Shanxi must-sees.