Located at the northeast of Jiangxi Province, Wuyuan villages enjoy a high reputation of the most beautiful countryside in China, by possessing well protected traditional villages and pristine ecological landscape.
It has at least 50 old villages that have remained almost unchanged over the last century. However, it is known not only for its natural scenery, but also for its glorious past. The remote county was home to some of China's top scholars, including Zhu Xi, a Confucian master in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), and Zhan Tianyou, China's first railway engineer. The county's glorious past can still be found in its uniquely built houses, most of which, big or small, feature white walls, black roofs, elegant eaves, and dark green footstones.