The Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves
The Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves is located high on the cliffs of the west Mutou Valley under the Flaming Mountains, and most of the surviving caves date from the Uyghur Kara-Khoja kingdom around the 10th to 13th centuries. There are 77 rock-cut caves at the site. Most have rectangular spaces with rounded arch ceilings often divided into four sections, each with a mural of the Buddha. Some murals show a large Buddha surrounded by other figures. The quality of the murals vary with some being artistically naive while others are masterpieces of religious art. There are still 57 caves preserved, all numbered, which contain fragments of frescos from the 6th to 14th centuries, each portraying various Buddhist themes. It can be visited all year round. The best time is from May to September. Usually, 1-2 hours will be suggested for visiting.